Decarbonisation of the Public Transport Sector in Tirana

Annual Review of Territorial Governance in the Western Balkans, I, 2019, 107-119

Rodion Gjoka, Gerti Delli

Summary

The transport sector is one of the main contributors of air pollution, accounting for 25% of gas
emissions in the European Union (EU). In Tirana, Albania, the transport sector plays a big role
in pollution concentrations, affecting public health. Compared to other countries, the heavy
industry and energy sectors in Albania are barely significant in terms of their environmental
footprint, thus making the transport sector one of the main contributors to greenhouse gas
(GHG) emissions.
To achieve significant cuts in emissions, and in line with the Paris Agreement’s (PA) long-term
goal, the decarbonisation of the transport sector is seen as a key priority in the international
policy arena (New Climate Institute, Ecofys, Climate Analytics, 2016). All transport modes
should contribute to the decarbonisation of the mobility system (European Commission, 2018).
Transport accounts for 33% of energy consumption and 64.5% of oil consumption in the EU. In
Albania, according to the National Agency of Natural Resources (NANR), the transport sector
(primarily road transport) consumes 47% of the total domestic production of crude oil. Such a
comparison is made to recognise the fact that Albania exports most of the crude oil extracted
domestically and does not directly supply internal markets (especially the transport sector)
due to poor refinery technologies. Tirana plays an important role in this respect, as there are
more than 255,000 private vehicles (including private cars and light and heavy-duty vehicles),
and at least 305 public transport buses.
This article addresses the decarbonisation of public transport sector as one of the ways to
influence mobility policies at a local level. Taking into consideration evidence-based information
on Tirana’s air pollution and estimated emissions from the sector, the article also offers policy
orientations for the Municipality of Tirana, aimed at promoting a climate neutral path for the
public transport sector.

Read full article here: Decarbonisation of the Public Transport Sector in Tirana

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